CaNS

A FFT-based finite-difference solver for massively-parallel direct numerical simulations of turbulent flows. We present an efficient solver for massively-parallel direct numerical simulations of incompressible turbulent flows. The method uses a second-order, finite-volume pressure-correction scheme, where the pressure Poisson equation is solved with the method of eigenfunction expansions. This approach allows for very efficient FFT-based solvers in problems with different combinations of homogeneous pressure boundary conditions. Our algorithm explores all combinations of pressure boundary conditions valid for such a solver, in a single, general framework. The method is implemented in a 2D pencil-like domain decomposition, which enables efficient massively-parallel simulations. The implementation was validated against different canonical flows, and its computational performance was examined. Excellent strong scaling performance up to (10^4) cores is demonstrated for a domain with (10^9) spatial degrees of freedom, corresponding to a very small wall-clock time/time step. The resulting tool, CaNS, has been made freely available and open-source.