UMATplasticity Gradient-enhanced statistical analysis of cleavage fracture. We present a probabilistic framework for brittle fracture that builds upon Weibull statistics and strain gradient plasticity. The constitutive response is given by the mechanism-based strain gradient plasticity theory, aiming to accurately characterize crack tip stresses by accounting for the role of plastic strain gradients in elevating local strengthening ahead of cracks. It is shown that gradients of plastic strain elevate the Weibull stress and the probability of failure for a given choice of the threshold stress and the Weibull parameters. The statistical framework presented is used to estimate failure probabilities across temperatures in ferritic steels. The framework has the capability to estimate the three statistical parameters present in the Weibull-type model without any prior assumptions. The calibration against experimental data shows important differences in the values obtained for strain gradient plasticity and conventional J2 plasticity. Moreover, local probability maps show that potential damage initiation sites are much closer to the crack tip in the case of gradient-enhanced plasticity. Finally, the fracture response across the ductile-to-brittle regime is investigated by computing the cleavage resistance curves with increasing temperature. Gradient plasticity predictions appear to show a better agreement with the experiments.