Prodock : Software package for protein modeling and docking. A new software package, Prodock , for protein modeling and flexible docking is presented. The protein system is described in internal coordinates with an arbitrary level of flexiblity for the proteins or ligands. The protein is represented by an all‐atom model with the Ecepp /3 or Amber IV force field, depending on whether the ligand is a peptidic molecule or not. Prodock is based on a new residue data dictionary that makes the programming easier and the definition of molecular flexibility more straigthforward. Two versions of the dictionary have been constructed for the Ecepp /3 and Amber IV geometry, respectively. The global optimization of the energy function is carried out with the scaled collective variable Monte Carlo method plus energy minimization. The incorporation of a local minimization during the conformational sampling has been shown to be very important for distinguishing low‐energy nonnative conformations from native structures. To make the Monte Carlo minimization method efficient for docking, a new grid‐based energy evaluation technique using Bezier splines has been incorporated. This article includes some techniques and simulation tools that significantly improve the efficiency of flexible docking simulations, in particular forward/backward polypeptide chain generation. A comparative study to illustrate the advantage of using quaternions over Euler angles for the rigid‐body rotational variables is presented in this paper. Several applications of the program Prodock are also discussed

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  1. Trosset, Jean-Yves; Scheraga, Harold A.: Prodock: Software package for protein modeling and docking. (1999) ioport