Count Complex Roots

Count the Number of Complex Roots. Based on evaluating Cauchy indices through remainder sequences, this entry provides an effective procedure to count the number of complex roots (with multiplicity) of a polynomial within a rectangle box or a half-plane. Potential applications of this entry include certified complex root isolation (of a polynomial) and testing the Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion (i.e., to check whether all the roots of some characteristic polynomial have negative real parts).