EBPCC: energy balance parameters-controlled covering algorithm for wireless sensor networks. An energy balance parameters-controlled covering algorithm for wireless sensor networks is proposed to improve the insufficiencies that network jam due to the redundant data generated during the k-coverage process of target nodes leads to the reduction in network’s capabilities of communication and coverage as well as the rapid consumption of network energy. A network coverage model is constructed by using the location relationship of nodes, and the model is then analyzed to provide the expectation value of nodes within the monitored region and the computing process of the minimum nodes required for covering the whole monitored region. The proportional relation of energy conversion functions between the working nodes and the neighboring nodes is given, and is used to dispatch nodes with low energy and to balance energy consumption of the whole network. Experimental results show that the proposed $k$-degree coverage algorithm improves the network’s coverage quality and cuts down the rapid network nodes energy consumption, and that in the same monitoring environment, the network lifetime with the EBPCC algorithm is 12. 91% longer than that with the ETCA and the coverage rate is 7. 06% larger than that with EPDM.

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