
LISREL
 Referenced in 339 articles
[sw06514]
 theoretical models for observed and latent (unobservable) variables. If data are collected for the observed...

Latent GOLD
 Referenced in 94 articles
[sw11673]
 distinct categories of a nominal latent variable X. Since the latent variable is categorical ... modeling differs from more traditional latent variable approaches such as factor analysis, structural equation models ... models that are based on continuous latent variables. Latent class (LC) analysis was originally introduced ... methodology was formalized and extended to nominal variables by Goodman (1974a, 1974b) who also developed...

TETRAD
 Referenced in 441 articles
[sw12177]
 unobserved confounders of measured variables, to search for models of latent structure, and to search...

pcalg
 Referenced in 92 articles
[sw06072]
 CPDAG can be estimated if latent variables and/or selection variables are assumed to be present...

GTM
 Referenced in 58 articles
[sw39434]
 Generative Topographic Mapping. Latent variable models represent the probability density of data in a space ... smaller number of latent, or hidden, variables. A familiar example is factor analysis which ... based on a linear transformations between the latent space and the data space. In this ... introduce a form of nonlinear latent variable model called the Generative Topographic Mapping...

lavaan
 Referenced in 72 articles
[sw07227]
 equation modeling. Fit a variety of latent variable models, including confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation...

ltm
 Referenced in 45 articles
[sw07911]
 package for latent variable modelling and item response theory analyses. The R package ... multivariate dichotomous and polytomous data using latent variable models, under the Item Response Theory approach...

BayesLogit
 Referenced in 46 articles
[sw09312]
 logistic models using PólyaGamma latent variables. We propose a new dataaugmentation strategy...

bfa
 Referenced in 28 articles
[sw07430]
 extension to mixed categorical and continuous variables, using latent Gaussian variables or through generalized latent ... Gaussian measured variables, the latent variables typically influence both the dependence structure and the form ... Gaussian copula factor models that decouple the latent factors from the marginal distributions. A semiparametric...

poLCA
 Referenced in 26 articles
[sw11801]
 package poLCA: Polytomous Variable Latent Class Analysis. Latent class analysis and latent class regression models ... polytomous outcome variables. Also known as latent structure analysis...

InfoGAN
 Referenced in 27 articles
[sw40936]
 between a small subset of the latent variables and the observation. We derive a lower...

Glow
 Referenced in 20 articles
[sw34245]
 exact loglikelihood, tractability of exact latentvariable inference, and parallelizability of both training...

NICE
 Referenced in 18 articles
[sw29631]
 factorized distribution, i.e., resulting in independent latent variables. We parametrize this transformation so that computing...

ADMB
 Referenced in 17 articles
[sw07416]
 highdimensional integrals for use in latent variable models. We also review the literature...

LordWingersky
 Referenced in 13 articles
[sw41250]
 summed score likelihoods for all latent variables in the model conditional on observed score combinations...

leapp
 Referenced in 11 articles
[sw11213]
 applied to counter the effects of latent variables on the rankings of hypotheses. The estimation...

Venture
 Referenced in 10 articles
[sw14670]
 that specifies and encapsulates primitive random variables. The SPI supports custom control flow, higherorder ... external models that do inference over latent variables hidden from Venture. Second, we describe probabilistic...

clustMD
 Referenced in 13 articles
[sw25059]
 variables) using a parsimonious mixture of latent Gaussian variable models...

lavaan.survey
 Referenced in 6 articles
[sw11938]
 factor analysis, multivariate regression models with latent variables and many other latent variable models while...

GeSCA
 Referenced in 9 articles
[sw11467]
 cases and 100 observed variables. GeSCA currently enables users to: use Microsoft® Excel ... three different procedures. handle secondorder latent variables in singlegroup analyses...